type of bridge deck joint

Bridge Design| Bridge Deck Joints

Choice of Deck Joint. Current practice is to make decks integral with the abutments. The objective is to avoid the use of joints over abutments and piers. Expansion joints are prone to leak and allow the ingress of de-icing salts into the bridge deck and substructure.

Concrete Bridge Deck Joints: State of the Practice

Apr 14, 2011 · Introduction , Continued • Bridge deck joints should protect the interior edges of decks from vehicle loads, seal the joint openings, and accommodate movements resulting from temperature changes and creep and shrinkage of • Joint failure is a nationwide problem in the United States • Failure is not necessarily caused by the joint ...

Decks & Joints | TSP2 Bridge Preservation

Deck Overlays – Product Matrix. The Western Bridge Preservation Partnership (WBPP) has produced a matrix listing all deck overlay products currently used by one of the Western Bridge Preservation Partnership (WBPP) states. The information listed should be of use to practicing bridge maintenance crews, inspectors,...

Bridge Deck Joints and Deck Joint Seals

deck joint. Deck joints fall into two broad categories: open joints and sealed joints. In the past Caltrans has used both open and a variety of sealed joints with varying degrees of success. The design and performance ofa structure's deck joints have a significant impact on bearing performance and future maintenance ofthe structure.

SPR-510: Evaluation of Various Types of Bridge Deck Joints

While bridge deck joints provide a critical function in the overall performance of a structure, a poorly designed, installed, or maintained deck joint can contribute to the premature replacement of the bridge or become a dangerous safety hazard to the public.

Bridge Deck Expansion Joints

SCOPE Bridge deck expansion joints are divided into the following three groups. 1. Modular expansion joint systems including finger and sliding plate dams, with 2 to 16 in. of movement, but generally more than 13 in. of movement. S. H. Dahir, Pennsylvania State …

Finger Joints | RJ Watson, Inc. - Bridge & Structural ...

Oct 30, 2019 · RJW Finger Joints are a simplistic design with no moving parts that are designed to accommodate any bridge deck expansion joint movement. Finger Joints are cantilevered or simply supported steel tooth expansion joints. They are comprised of pairs of independent elements with parallel teeth provided in lengths from 3 feet to full roadway widths.

Bridge Joints | Garrett's Bridges

Bridge Joints. The type of joint you use on your bridge can drastically change its strength. There are three basic types of joints, the Lap Joint, End Joint, and Notched Joint. To increase the strength of an end or notched joint you can add a Gusset. Learn about each type of joint and when to use it on a model bridge in this article.


or semi-integral abutments and piers to eliminate expansion joints on the bridge superstructure. A joint at the end of the approach slab shall be used to accommodate movement and to prevent damage to the roadway pavement as defined in Section 14.4.2. Refer to BDM Section 11.3 for additional information on integral abutments

Expansion of Joints Used in Road Bridges: 8 Types

Copper U-Strip & Joint Filler (Fig. 22.16a): When the length between adjacent expansion joint is …

Bridge Standard Details | Caltrans

Bridge Standard Details (XS) are developed and maintained by the Division of Engineering Services (DES) Technical Organization. The sheets contain pre-engineered details for a variety of structural systems, such as earth retaining systems, bridge railings and underground structures.

Chapter 9 Bearings and Expansion Joints

tensioned box girder bridges under 400 feet long. Use L-type abutments with expansion joints at the bridge ends where bridge length exceeds these values. In situations where bridge skew angles exceed 30 degrees, consult the Bearing and Expansion Joint Specialist and the Bridge Design Engineer for recommendations and approval.


All types of deck joints require some type of maintenance and in recent years there has been a movement among bridge designers to design the shorter bridges without deck joints. The girders and deck are made continuous over the piers and the ends of the deck at the abutments are made integral with the abutment backwalls.

Expansion Joints for Use in Highway Bridge Decks

to be used for the design of bridge deck expansion joints, and the requirements for their selection, and Departmental type approval. 1.4 The associated Advice Note BA 26 (DMRB 2.3.7) gives guidance on joint selection. Departmental Type Approval 1.5 Bridge deck expansion joints are required to have a Departmental type approval certificate before ...

Bridge Joint Association – Setting standards for Bridge ...

The Bridge Joint Association members are the leading specialist UK manufacturers and installers of bridge expansion joints whose principal aim is to raise standards within the industry. The effectiveness of bridge expansion joints is very significant in the life expectancy of bridges.

Bridge Expansion Joints · EMSEAL - Bridge Division

Jun 20, 2019 · The 2017 BEJS durable tabbed product information and selection guide is now available from EMSEAL. This concise guide is an indispensable tool to become familiar with the Bridge Expansion Joint …

Steelflex® Modular Expansion Joint Systems | D.S. Brown

D.S. Brown Steelflex ® Modular Expansion Joint Systems have gained overwhelming worldwide acceptance for accommodating and sealing large joint movements on bridge structures. By incorporating the results of recent research activities, each joint system is designed to provide watertight, fatigue resistant, long-term, maintenance-free performance.


EXPANSION JOINTS September 2008 19-1 Chapter 19 EXPANSION JOINTS LRFD Article 14.4 discusses bridge joint movements and loads, and LRFD Article 14.5 provides requirements for joints and considerations for specific joint types. This Chapter presents NDOT criteria for the design and selection of expansion joints in bridges. 19.1 GENERAL

Bridge & Highway Maintenance

Expandex is a flexible asphaltic plug joint system designed to accommodate minimum structure movement while providing a smooth transition between the ap- proach pavement and the bridge deck.

Evaluation and Policy for Bridge Deck Expansion Joints

performance of bridge deck expansion joints. The purpose of the research is to evaluate several types of joints currently in use and also provides the evaluation criteria for rating the joint condition. The types of joints investigated are Compression Seal (B.S.) joint, Strip Seal

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Rapid Replacement of Bridge Deck Expansion Joints …

joints are often one of the first components of a bridge deck to fail and repairing or replacing expansion joints are essential to extending the life of any bridge. In this Phase I study, the research team focused on documenting the current means and methods of bridge expansion joint deterioration, maintenance, and replacement and on identifying

Integral Bridges - Types, Advantages and Limitations

Integral bridge with bank pad abutments is another type in which stiff portal frame type arrangement can be constructed. In this type, the end supports are fully integral with the deck beams but these supports are not fixed in the ground.

Author: Sadanandam Anupoju


Although the office prefers jointless construction, some designs require deck expansion joints because of bridge length, bridge skew, use of stub abutments, use of expansion bearings, or other factors. Where expansion joints are necessary it is important that they be …

Inspection guidance for bridge expansion joints Part 1 ...

Inspection guidance for bridge expansion joints Part 1 – Reference guide 5 1 Summary Deck expansion joints are an important bridge component. In order to maintain road user safety and bridge durability, they must be maintained in good condition. Some types of expansion joint are susceptible to posing a sudden danger to traffic.

Standard design drawings | WSDOT

Drawings available in pdf and dwg formats. Disclaimer: The Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) makes these documents available on an "as is" basis. All warranties and representations of any kind with regard to said documents are disclaimed, including the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular use.

Burtonsville Bridge Deck Joint Replacement

Schenectady County Public Works Burtonsville Bridge Deck Joint Replacement Project. The County of Schenectady will be accepting bids for the replacement of the bridge deck joint at each abutment of the Eaton Corners – Burtonsville Bridge spanning the Schoharie Creek between Montgomery and Schenectady County.

Bridge Design| Temperature Effects in Bridge Decks

A datum temperature T 0 is used to represent the effective bridge temperature at specific stages of construction. The deck will expand from T 0 to T e,max and contract from T 0 to T e,min. T 0 is used to either,. in the case of a free moving deck, calibrate the gap for the expansion joint and to set the sliding bearing positions when these units are installed,

Infrastructures | Free Full-Text | Co-Active ...

For example, a steel deck with corrugated material in a highly corrosive marine environment will deteriorate at a much faster rate than a reinforced deck. Therefore, bridge groups having the same type and number of elements are identified.

Testing FRP Bridge Decks | JEROME O’CONNOR | …

After installation on a bridge, load testing was done to evaluate the system as a whole, then, after three years of service, observations were made based on performance under actual operational and environmental conditions. Good correlation was obtained between the global finite element model analysis and the behavior of the as-built structure.

BRIDGE DECK JOINTS - Transportation Research Board

Bridges are continually moving and thus need either some type of deck joint or an integral design to accommodate this movement. This report of the Transportation Research Board describes the types of deck joints being used, the problems with these joints, and how integral construction--bridge decks without joints--can be used to avoid joints.

Types of Bridge Decks | Hunker

Simply defined, a bridge deck is the portion of a bridge that acts as the roadway in the support of vehicular or pedestrian traffic. While deck parts like trusses, girders, rails, arches, posts and cantilevers assume a number of forms and types, there are relatively few bridge deck types given the utilitarian nature of the component.

SD 3: Deck Joints | ADOT

Deck Joint Assembly Flangeless Strip Seal (2 of 2) SD 3.03-2 The method of measurement and bid item numbers for the bridge deck joints described above are summarized below.

Bridge Deck Joint Replacement

SPECIAL PROVISION FOR RESEALING BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION JOINTS . WITH LOW-MODULUS HOT-POURED RUBBER (Capital Scheduled Maintenance) 12CT602(A035) C&T:APPR:JAB:KPK:11-08-11. This work consists of removing existing joint sealants, cleaning the joint, and sealing the joint with a low-modulus hot-poured joint sealant.

Bridge Joint Materials | Air Tight, Flexible, Waterproof ...

The Crafco Matrix 501 Asphaltic Plug Bridge Joint System is a pre-measured, pre-blended, hot-applied bridge expansion joint system composed of a uniquely formulated polymer modified asphalt binder and select aggregate. Simply level the material and allow to cool. No compaction is required.

Bridge Joint Maintenance

Plate joints are used for movements between 1 and 3 in. It was the predominant type of bridge expansion joint used with steel-framed structures prior to the development of neoprene joints. The joint is nor­ mally designed to be self-supporting without reli­ ance on the deck for support. This is

Deck Joints - Alberta

S-1810 -17 Type 1 Strip Seal Deck Joint - Sheet 1 REV - S-1811 -17 Type 1 Strip Seal Deck Joint - Sheet 2 REV - S-1812 -17 Type 1 Strip Seal Deck Joint - Sheet 3 REV -. Standard Drawings – Finger Plate Deck Joint Drawing No. Drawing Description Current Revision.

The BridgeSite - Bridge Products

Tensa America LLC - Bearings, Post Tensioning, Stay Cables, Expansion Joints, Seismic Devices, Form Travellers; TechStar Inc. - Expansion Joints, Structural Bearings, Isolation Damping Bearings, Fluid Viscous Dampers & Lock-Up Devices ; Taylor Devices - Fluid viscous dampers ; Technoslide - All types of bridge bearings; Watson Bowman Acme Corp.

Deck Expansion Joint Selection Guide · EMSEAL

1. Traffic membrane and expansion joint supplied and backed by a single manufacturer. 2. Backed by a manufacturer in business for over 100 years. 3. Tested and proven details to ensure the system will work. 4. Local representatives available to work with local contractors.

Standard design drawings | WSDOT

All drawings are in English Units only. To get all of WSDOT Bridge lines, fonts & special characters it is advised that the following style files be loaded prior to loading the WSDOT Bridge Standards in AutoCad, MicroStation, or PDF: Bridge Lines, Bridge Fonts (pdf, 267kb) Bridge Font (true type font) format.

Performance of Concrete Bridge Deck Joints

Bridge deck joints are used to protect. the edges of the deck from vehicle loads, seal the joint openings, and. accommodate deck movements that are produced by temperature changes and. creep and shrinkage of .

Bridge Decks - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

The mean types of joints are coupled joints, mortared joints, and in situ joints. The most common are coupled joints, when joints are filled usually by epoxy resin. The principle of construction by the incremental launching method is to the deck on the ground in a succession of segments, located at one or both ends of the bridge.

Bridge Deck Joint Replacement Practices - …

Bridge Deck Joint Replacement Practices Brian D. Merrill, P.E. State Bridge Construction & Maintenance Engineer Texas Department of Transportation. Topics • Why do we need joints? • Texas’ Design Philosophy: Minimize Joints ... • Header Type Joint • Asphalt Plug • Finger Joint • Modular Joint Joint Types Specialized New Construction.


the structural design of bridge decks. Section 3 specifies loads for bridge decks, Section 4 specifies their analyses, and Section 9 specifies the resistance of bridge decks. Unless noted otherwise in this Chapter of the NDOT Structures Manual, the LRFD Specifications applies to the design of bridge decks …

Bridge Construction and Deck Repair - IN.gov

A bridge deck is supported by structural members. The most usually common types are: 1) Steel I-beams and girders 2) Precast, prestressed, reinforced bulb T-beams 3) Precast, prestressed, reinforced I-beams 4) Precast, prestressed, box beams 5) Reinforced slabs.

Bridge Deck Drainage Systems | Expansion Joints ...

The Expansion Joint on a bridge often proves to be the most problematic area for both contractors and designers. Allowing for movement whilst keeping the joint dry is of primary importance on any bridge. Fowler & Holden manufacture a range of products that enable the designer or contractor to cross an existing or new expansion joint.

BASF Watson Bowman Acme | Bridge Maintenance and …

Expansion joints are a critical link to the sustainability of a bridge structure. Effects of improper system selection will severely weaken the integrity of a bridge. WBA continues to enhance and improve the performance, preservation adn installation of bridge and highway joint systems.

Bridge Bearings -Types of Bearings for Bridge Structures ...

Fig.4: Pin Bearing for Bridges. Both rocker and pin bearings are mainly employed in steel bridge structure. Rocker and pin bearing should be considered when the bridge movement is adequately known and described, since such bearings can make rooms for both translational and rotational movements in one direction only.

4 Bridge Decks | Design Guide for Bridges for Service Life ...

210 DESiGN GUiDE FOR BRiDGES FOR SERviCE LiFE decisions made during the design and detailing of the bridge deck, fabrication and manufacturing requirement, quality of construction, and decisions concerning the level of inspection and testing performed during future operation and maintenance. Design and Detailing Bridge-Deck ...

Use of Longitudinal Expansion Joints in Wide-Bridge ...

Oct 10, 2016 · Unfortunately, the introduced longitudinal expansion joint can result in deterioration similar to that resulting from using transverse joints at bridge abutments and piers. The reason that longitudinal expansion joints are used in wide bridges is related to concerns about deck cracking resulting from constrained expansion and contraction.

Expansion Joint & Deck Waterproofing - USL BridgeCare

USL BridgeCare is the UK's leading manufacture, suppler & installer of the bridge expansion joint & spray applied bridge deck waterproofing membranes. The bridge expansion joint range of products cater for movements of 12mm-1600mm.


The maximum roadway surface gap in a transverse deck joint, measured in the direction of travel, shall be limited to 4 inches. The opening of tooth expansion joints may be larger than 4”. Longitudinal Deck Expansion Joints: Longitudinal deck expansion joints should be avoided for bridge …

Delastic® Preformed Compression Seals | D.S. Brown

If you aren’t sure what size seal you need, simply select your joint opening at mid-temperature (50˚ F) and we will determine the best seal for your application. Notes: Do not install compression seal at the maximum joint width opening if the joint is expected to open any further than this amount over time. To prevent installation ...

Section 449 Bridge Deck Joint Seals with Elastomeric ...

Section 449—Bridge Deck Joint Seals 449.1 General Description This work consists of furnishing and installing bridge deck joint sealing systems at the locations shown on the Plans. These bridge deck joint sealing systems consist of a joint seal and may include headers. Use a joint seal material that conforms to one of the following:

What is the most preferred expansion joints type to be ...

Dec 13, 2015 · It depends on where (geographically) you are building the bridge, what loads you expect the bridge to be able to carry, the level of usage of the bridge, what you would like the lifespan of the bridge to be etc… Some common joints are: ‘Modular’ E...

Evaluation of Performance of Bridge Deck Expansion Joints ...

Apr 24, 2001 · The bridge deck expansion joint is an important element in the functioning of bridge structures. When joints fail to function properly, they can create problems out of proportion to their size. Selection of a good joint for use can create fewer bridge maintenance problems.

Bridge Deck

Screed elevations shall be furnished to ensure that the gutters, or the edges of deck on a bridge without curbs, will be at the proper final elevations. Screed elevations are required for a beam or girder bridge, or a continuous reinforced- slab bridge on a superelevation transition.

Connections in bridges - SteelConstructionfo

In ladder deck and multi-girder bridges, the structural connections are the splices in the longitudinal girders and the connections of the bracing or cross girders to the main girders. These connections can be made either using bolts or by welding and the choice between these two options has implications for both design and construction.. This article discusses the two forms of connection and ...


This Bridge Design Manual was prepared by SITE-Blauvelt Engineers, Inc. for the West Virginia Division of Highways (WVDOH), Engineering Division. This manual is intended to be a guide for Engineers working on bridge design projects for the WVDOH. It provides policies, procedures and methods for developing and documenting the design process.